COBRANÇOSA Country: Portugal Purpose: Oil Distribution: Trás-os-Montes. Synonyms: “Verdal Cobrançosa”, “Quebrançosa”, “Salgueira” Agronomic and commercial considerations: This variety is highly appreciated thanks to its tolerance to cold temperatures and to iron chlorosis caused by limestone soils. However, it is considered sensitive to drought climates and saline soils. The entry into production is medium as...

ZARD Country: Iran Purpose: Dual-purpose (table and oil) Distribution: Mainly spread in Zilan and Zanjan province Synonyms: “Zard Zeytun” Agronomic and commercial considerations: This is the main variety in Iran. Cultivar of high productivity even if it turns out to be alternate. Partially self-compatible. Harvest time coincides with the beginning of autumn. It is...

GEMLIK Country: Turkey Purpose: Dual-purpose (table and oil) Distribution: Widespread on the Aegean and Mediterranean coasts, it occupies almost the 80% of the olive groves in the Marmara area and the 11% of the country’s olive-growing acreage. Synonyms: “Kaplik”, “Kara”, “Kiviricik”, “Trilye” Agronomic and commercial considerations: The town of Gemlik is located on the...

NABALA BALADI Country: Palestine, Jordan (JO) Purpose: Dual-purpose (table and oil) Distribution: Palestine, Jordan Synonyms: Nabala Baladi”, “Baladi”, “Bathni”, “Khudr”, “Krari”, “Kteit”, “Nabala”, “Roman”, “Souri”. Agronomic and commercial considerations: It is a variety that belongs to the “Souri” group. It is common in the lands of the West Bank, where it is sometimes...

KALAMATA Country: Greece Purpose: Table olive Distribution: Messenia, Laconia and Lamia represent about the 20% of the country’s olive-growing area. Synonyms: “Aetonychalea”, “Aetonychi”, “Aetonycholia”, “Chondrolia”, “Kalamon”, “Kalamatiani” Agronomic and commercial considerations: It is a late ripening variety and harvesting takes place when the fruit has fully completed its maturity. Although it is a dual-purpose...

CHEMLAL DE KABYLIE Country: Algeria Purpose: Oil Distribution: Center-east of Algeria (Great Kabylia). It is present on both slopes of the Djurdjura range, from Khemis and Akbou, passing through Tizi Ouzou and Bouïra. It covers about 30% of the olive-growing acreage of the country. Synonyms: “Achamlal”, “Achamli”; “Achemlal”, “Chemlal Blanche d’Ali-Chérif”, “Chemlal”, “Chemlal...

CHÉTOUI Country: Tunisia Purpose: Dual-purpose (table and oil) Distribution: In particular, the northern Tunisia coast. It extends over about 35% of the country’s olive-growing acreage. Synonyms: “Beldi”, “Chaibi”, “Tounsia”, “Zaiati” Agronomic and commercial considerations: This cultivar has a medium hardiness with a high rooting capacity. The entry into production is medium as well as...

PICHOLINE MAROCAINE Country: Morocco Purpose: Dual-purpose (table and oil) Distribution: It represents more than the 96% of the entire Moroccan olive heritage. Synonyms: “Beldi”, “Bouchouika”, “Bousbina”, “Zit”, “Zitoun”. Agronomic and commercial considerations: This variety is well adapted to the pedoclimatic conditions of the entire country where it represents more than 96% of the entire olive...

VERDALE DE L´HÉRAULT Country: France Purpose: Oil Distribution: Widespread in the Herault region Synonyms: “Pourridale”, “Cul Blanc”, “Gangeole”, “Grosse Ronde”, “Groussaldo”, “Olive de Ganges”, “Olive Verte”, “Pourridale”, “Redounale”, “Redonale”, “Verdaou”, “Verdau”, “Verdava”, “Verdeau”, “Vereau”. Agronomic and commercial considerations: Low vigorous tree with upright growth habit. It is a variety with constant production and therefore...

MIXANI Country: Albania Purpose: Oil Distribution: Mainly diffused in the central areas of the country, in particular in Elbasan district, even if it’s also found it in Lushnjë, Tiranë and Durrës districts. However, it is also diffused in China. Synonyms: “Bixa”, “Corra”, “Mixa”, “Mixaj”, “Mixani”, “Mixanj” and “Mizan”. Agronomic and commercial considerations: It is...