EMPELTRE Country: Spain Purpose: Oil Distribution: It is spread throughout the Ebro valley, from the northernmost areas to the river mouth. It is also spread in the Balearic Islands where it dominates the landscape. It is the main variety in Aragon. It is also found in some...

ZUTICA Country: Montenegro Purpose: Dual-purpose (table and oil) Distribution: Littoral of Montenegro where it covers about 65% of the olive-growing area. Synonyms: “Bjelica”; “Bjeliza”; “Zutiza” Agronomic and commercial considerations: A very old variety, its presence in the Montenegrin littoral dates to ancient times. It is a vigorous and productive...

DOEBLI Country: Syria Purpose: Dual-purpose (table and oil) Distribution: Latakia, Tartus and Tel-Kalakh, occupies more than 10% of the country’s olive-growing area. Synonyms: “Daebli”, “Daibli”, “Dermlali”, “Dhremlali”, “Tamrani”, “Temprani” Agronomic and commercial considerations: This variety adapts well to damp areas; however, it is not very tolerant to drought. Its rooting ability is medium. It...

SOURY Country: Lebanon Purpose: Dual-purpose (table and oil) Diffusion: Native to northern Lebanon, also widespread in neighboring countries such as Israel, Jordan and Syria. Synonyms: “Grande Ayrouni”, “Hai Youdi”, “Hedai”, “Hidri”, “Rasisi”, “Sferhi”, “Shouri”, “Souri Folino”, “Souri Lod”, “Surry”, “Sury”, “Bayadi”, “Beladi”. Agronomic and commercial considerations: The name Soury derives from the word...

TOFFAHI Country: Egypt Purpose: Table olive Distribution: Giza, Al-Fayyum, Ban-Suwaif. It has also spread to Tunisia, Algeria, Syria and Argentina. Synonyms: “Teffahi”, “Olivo Mela”, “Pomme”, “Pommette”, “Tefahi”, “Tefha”, “Tafahi”, “Titah”, “Tofahi”, “Toffai”, “Touffahi” Agronomic and commercial considerations: Rustic plant with medium rhizogenic capacity. It is a self-compatible variety with early flowering, as well as...

PICUAL Country: Spain Purpose: Oil Distribution: is the most important variety in Spain in terms of diffusion. It occupies more than 600,000 hectares. Synonyms: “Andaluza”, “Blanco”, “Corriente”, “De aceite”, “De calidad”, “Fina”, “Jabata”, “Lopereño”, “Marteño”, “Morcona”, “Nevadillo”, “Nevadillo blanco”, “Nevado”, “Nevado blanco”, “Picúa”, “Salgar”, “Temprana”. Agronomic and commercial considerations: It is considered a...

FRANTOIO Country: Italy Purpose: Oil Distribution: Central Italy, but it is also widespread in many other countries. Synonyms: “Bresa fina”, “Comune”, “Correggiolo”, “Crognolo”, “Frantoiano”, “Gentile”, “Infrantoio”, “Laurino”, “Nostrato”, “Oliva lunga”, “Pendaglio”, “Pignattello”, “Raggio”, “Raggiolo”, “Rajo”, “Razza”, “Razzo”, “Solciaro”, “Stringona”. Agronomic and commercial considerations: This is a variety of high and constant productivity. Appreciated...

KATO DRYS Country: Cyprus Purpose: Dual-purpose (table and oil) Distribution: It is spreading especially in the new plantations realized in Cyprus Synonyms: Clone of the “Local” variety. Agronomic and commercial considerations: Archaeological excavations have brought to light in the Neolithic sites, the remais of ancient stone mills together with the remains of olive...

BUGA Country: Slovenia Purpose: Oil Distribution: Slovenia, Istria, Croatia, Friuli – Venezia Giulia Synonyms: “Belica”, “Campeglio”, “Medeazza”, “San Rocco”, “Istarsk Belica”, “Tonda di Villa”, “Fiaschetti”, “Sbusa”, “Feminskula”, “Busiaro”, “Boga”, “Busa”, “Buza”. Agronomic and commercial considerations: The variety is self-incompatible. It blossoms at the same time as “Bianchera” and “Rocca Bernarda”, even if the fruit set...

LASTOVKA Country: Croatia Purpose: Oil Distribution: It occupies the 5% of the country’s olive-growing area. It is the most cultivated variety in the Korčula island, where it covers approximately 50% of the area used for olive cultivation. Synonyms: “Velica”; “Lastova ”. Agronomic and commercial considerations: Medium hardiness variety with high rhizogenic capacity. It is...