Purpose: Dual-purpose (table and oil)
Diffusion: Native to northern Lebanon, also widespread in neighboring countries such as Israel, Jordan and Syria.
Synonyms: “Grande Ayrouni”, “Hai Youdi”, “Hedai”, “Hidri”, “Rasisi”, “Sferhi”, “Shouri”, “Souri Folino”, “Souri Lod”, “Surry”, “Sury”, “Bayadi”, “Beladi”.
Agronomic and commercial considerations: The name Soury derives from the word Sour, which is a city located on the southern coast of Lebanon, one of the port cities where the Phoenicians began their trades. It is the most important variety in Lebanon. It has an upright habit and is partially self-compatible. Productivity is medium and alternate. It is a dual-purpose variety with high oil content. It is resistant to cold and drought, as well as to saline soils. It is susceptible to the olive fruit fly (Bactrocera oleae) and also the to peacock leaf spot (Cycloconium oleaginum), olive knot (Pseudomonas savastanoi) and verticillium wilt (Verticillium dahliae).